Oliver, Peter

Elizabeth, Electress Palatine and Queen of Bohemia

c. 1630

Place Made
Gouache on parchment
oval: 2 x 1 1/2 in.
Credit Line
The Latter-Schlesinger Collection, Gift of Shirley Latter Kaufmann in memory of Harry and Anna Latter
Lupin Foundation Center for the Decorative Arts
Accession #

Elizabeth of Bohemia is remembered as the English Protestant princess forced into ruinous exile. The daughter of King James I of England, Elizabeth Stuart married fellow Protestant Frederick V of The Palatinate (in today’s Germany) in 1613.

Frederick accepted the throne of Bohemia, despite a politically dangerous situation. Frederick and Elizabeth were crowned King and Queen in Prague in 1619, but in 1620 they were ousted after a military defeat by the Catholic Holy Roman Empire in the Thirty Years War. Exiled the rest of her life in The Hague, Elizabeth was known as the “Winter Queen” for the single season of her reign as Queen of Bohemia.